A study on the concept of groupthink

That is already a favorite charge of left-leaning pundits, especially so after the release of State of Denial: In fact, it is now widely recognized that Groupthink-like behavior is found in many situations and across many types of groups and team settings.

Of course when the stakes get higher and higher, and reach the level of the Executive branch of our country, then it is in our interest to understand groupthink dynamics, so we can try to deconstruct what is going on today.

It has been thought that groups with the strong ability to work together will be able to solve dilemmas in a quicker and more efficient fashion than an individual.

Highly qualified and experienced politicians and military commanders sometimes make very poor decisions when in a suboptimal group setting. A strong, persuasive group leader. General group problem-solving GGPS model[ edit ] Aldag and Fuller argue that the groupthink concept was based on a "small and relatively restricted sample" that became too broadly generalized.

The enterprise suppressed information. This should be a different person for each meeting. This lack of courage, this will to submit to the in-group, I believe, accounts for the groupthink that prevails among most academics. Republican ratio of Sociocognitive theory[ edit ] According to a new theory many of the basic characteristics of groupthink — e.

Whenever you're in an army group and somebody says, "I think we're all getting on the bus to Abilene here," that is a red flag. Into that arena stepped my late colleague, Irving Janis, who pointed out that sometimes groups make very, very bad decisions.

Paribas basically pressured him out, and six years later he is unemployed. Such methods include nominal group technique, Delphi technique and Ringi technique. He showed that groups could make decisions that ignored critical information about the consequences of the chosen course of action.

July 14, The Bush Administration: Nobody today says, My area is groupthink. His concept of groupthink flew in the face of the existing orthodoxy, at least in the management literature. Kennedy and his advisers could have been "taken in by such a stupid, patchwork plan as the one presented to them by the CIA representatives.

Illusions of invulnerability - this wild reckless optimism. Even when the news started leaking, they still held on. Those groups that are dominated by group think often tend to form unethical decisions as compared with those decisions that would have been made by using rational decision- making processes.

Group members should be allowed to discuss with and question the outside experts. One particularly relevant and popular arena in which groupthink is rarely studied is sports. All effective alternatives should be examined. Janis's work, plus the work of many others, has led many psychologists to say that what's really important is applying psychology to the political domain -- understanding ideology, understanding how political leaders work and why constituents follow as they do.

Janis came up with the idea of groupthink during a Yale seminar on the psychology of small groups. Read our Privacy Policy To avoid Groupthink, it is important to have a process in place for checking the fundamental assumptions behind important decisions, for validating the decision-making process, and for evaluating the risks involved.

It may not be completely out of the realm of imagination that Bush continues to get all information from the Rices, the Cheneys and other ingroup victims. I am sure many wonder how this administration manages to make the shallow decisions that they have been making thus far, even though there are mostly smart people within the administration ranks.

The Bush Administration: A Perfect Case-Study for Groupthink

The same study indicates that level of group cohesiveness is insignificant in predicting groupthink occurrence. When this group has the same set of values and faces the same crisis situation, then everyone is put under great stress.

Minimizing the Risk of 'Groupthink. The study was a qualitative, phenomenological design involving semistructured phone and face-to-face interviews with 16 project managers from a variety of industries with at least 10 years of experience and who hold a project management professional designation.

So the group usually narrows down to only one or two alternatives in order to hasten decision-making.

Avoiding Groupthink

Janis suggests that if groupthink dominates, then the benefits of a group decisions are lost because of the significant psychological pressures that arise. The Bush Administration: A Perfect Case-Study for Groupthink. Salaams, Br. Amad. Very insightful – the concept of groupthink would apply to adolescents and gangs, too I think.


Sad to see that top levels of the US governmental. Groupthink is a term first used in by social psychologist Irving L. Janis that refers to a psychological phenomenon in which people strive for consensus within a group. In many cases, people will set aside their own personal beliefs or adopt the opinion of the rest of the group.

Groupthink is as fresh and relevant a concept today as it was back in ’ And that's a good and bad thing. And that's a good and bad thing.

The Bush Administration: A Perfect Case-Study for Groupthink

Obviously, in terms of intellectual vitality and the robustness of insights into human nature, it's quite wonderful that it was captured and coined. The story of ‘The Bay of Pigs’, and the case study of the pharmaceutical industry, will help us to illustrate differences between the characteristics of the classical rational decision making process and the characteristics of Janis’ concept of Groupthink.

Group Behaviors. STUDY. PLAY. Based on the concept of groupthink, what is the most likely response of Ralph's group to the new member's proposal? Ralph and his group will quickly reject the old method.

Which of the following situations reflect the.


Recent literature of groupthink attempts to study the application of this concept beyond the framework of business and politics. One particularly relevant and popular arena in .

A study on the concept of groupthink
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Groupthink - Wikipedia